22 Jan Vitamin E supplements may reduce bone fracture rate in the elderly
Use of Vitamin E alpha-tocopherol supplements may reduce the rate of bone fractures in older people, says a new study that supports the potential bone health benefits of the Vitamin.
Data collected over 19 years from 14,738 women indicated that the lowest average levels of alpha-tocopherol were associated with an 86% increase in the rate of hip fracture, while use of alpha-tocopherol-containing supplements were associated with a 22% reduction in the rate of hip fracture.
Similar protective effects from higher Vitamin E levels were observed in men, according to data collected over 12 years in 1,138 men, report researchers from Uppsala University and the Karolinska Institutet in Sweden.
“Vitamin E has been proposed to have positive effects on both bone and muscle mass owing to its antioxidant properties, rendering a theoretical consequential lower fracture risk with a higher alpha-tocopherol intake,” wrote the researchers in the Amercian Journal of Clinical Nutrition.
“Our results support these experimental findings: higher intakes were associated with higher BMD, higher lean muscle mass, and lower fracture risk. In addition, recent randomized trials have indicated that Vitamin E and C supplements have a positive effect on BMD and muscle mass in elderly women and men.”
The new data from Sweden supports the potential bone and muscle health benefits on the Vitamin.
Data from the women indicated that the lowest average levels of alpha-tocopherol were associated with an 86% and a 20% increase in the rate of hip and any fracture, respectively.
The use of supplements containing the vitamin were associated with a 22% and 14% reduction in the rate of hip and any fracture, respectively.
For the men, low levels of alpha-tocopherol more than tripled the rate
of hip fracture. No data was available for supplement use with only 4%
of the men said they used any type of supplement, but these users did
have higher blood levels of alpha-tocopherol, compared to non-users.