intake of plant sterols – well established to reduce cholesterol levels
– may also produce «modest» reductions in triglyceride levels, says a
Data from 12 clinical trials indicated that intakes of about 2 grams per day were associated with a 6% reduction in triglyceride leves.
«Although not as strong as LD-cholesterol, elevated triglyceride is increasingly being recognised as a possible risk factor for CHD» they wrote.
Numeours cilnical trials in controlled settings have reported that daily consumption of 1.5 to 3 grams of phytosterols/stanols from foods can reduce total cholesterol levels by eight to 17%, representing a significant reduction in the risk of cardiovascular disease.
The new review indicates that the compounds may also impact triglyceride levels in the blood.
«Foods enriched with plant sterols modestly lower triglyceride concentrations, especially in those with high triglyceride concentrations at baseline» wrote the researchers.
«This effect may add to the overall benefit of using plant sterol-enriched foods as part of therapeuitic lifestyle and diet changes for improving blood lipid profiles,» they concluded.